Pulmonologists treat a wide variety of respiratory disorders. Some common conditions they manage include:
Asthma: A chronic condition characterized by inflammation of the airways, making it difficult to breathe. Asthma symptoms include wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Pulmonologists help patients manage their asthma by prescribing medication, identifying triggers, and creating customized treatment plans.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): A progressive lung disease that includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. COPD causes inflammation and damage to the airways, leading to difficulty in breathing. Pulmonologists provide medical therapies, rehabilitation programs, and guidance on lifestyle changes to help manage COPD.
Pneumonia: An infection that causes inflammation in the air sacs of the lungs, leading to symptoms such as fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. Pulmonologists diagnose and treat pneumonia, ensuring patients receive appropriate antibiotics and supportive care.
Lung Cancer: The uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the lung tissue. Pulmonologists play a vital role in diagnosing, staging, and treating lung cancer. They often collaborate with oncologists and other specialists to provide the best possible care.
Sleep Disorders: Sleep-related breathing disorders, such as sleep apnea, are often managed by pulmonologists. They diagnose and treat these conditions to ensure patients receive proper care to maintain a healthy sleep pattern.
Interstitial Lung Disease: A group of disorders characterized by inflammation and scarring of lung tissue. Pulmonologists help diagnose and manage these conditions, providing medical therapies and supportive care to maintain lung function.
Pulmonary Hypertension: High blood pressure in the lungs’ arteries can lead to heart failure if left untreated. Pulmonologists diagnose and treat pulmonary hypertension using medications and lifestyle changes to manage the condition.
Tuberculosis: A contagious bacterial infection that primarily affects the lungs. Pulmonologists play an essential role in diagnosing and treating tuberculosis, ensuring patients receive appropriate antibiotics and follow-up care.